Tribunale penale federale


History

12 March 2000

Swiss voters and the cantons approve the new Article 191a of the Federal Constitution, allowing for the creation of new federal courts in addition to the Federal Supreme Court, which is based in Lausanne. The Federal Supreme Court was established under the Federal Constitution of 1874, replacing the previous Federal Supreme Court created under the Federal Constitution of 1848, which had no permanent seat.

1 January 2002

The 22 December 1999 revision of the Swiss Criminal Code comes into force, setting out new federal powers in fighting organised crime and economic crime.

21 June 2002

The Federal Assembly passes the Federal Act on the Seat of the Federal Criminal Court and the Federal Administrative Court, which designates their seats as Bellinzona and St Gallen respectively.

4 October 2002

The Federal Assembly passes the Federal Criminal Court Act.

1 October 2003

The Federal Assembly elects the first 11 judges of the Federal Criminal Court.

1 April 2004

The Federal Criminal Court is established, and is initially based in temporary premises until the completion of its permanent home. Hearings are held in a courtroom at the Palazzo Pretorio in Bellinzona. The Court’s proceedings are governed under the Federal Act of 15 June 1934 on the Administration of Federal Criminal Justice (now repealed).

17 June 2005

The Federal Assembly passes the Federal Supreme Court Act (FSCA, SR 173.110) and the Federal Administrative Court Act (FACA, SR 173.32), which grant the Federal Criminal Court new jurisdiction over international mutual assistance in criminal matters. The referendum period expires unused on 6 October 2005.

1 March 2006

The Federal Council determines that the Federal Supreme Court Act (FSCA, SR 173.110) and the Federal Administrative Court Act (FACA, SR 173.32) shall enter into force on 1 January 2007.

1 January 2007

A second Appeals Chamber is inaugurated as a result of the FCC's new jurisdiction over international mutual assistance in criminal matters.

19 March 2010

The Federal Assembly passes the Criminal Justice Authorities Act (CJAA, SR 173.71), which sets out the framework of federal criminal justice authorities and repeals the Federal Criminal Court Act.

1 January 2011

With the coming into force of the Swiss Criminal Procedure Code (CrimPC, SR 312) and the Criminal Justice Authorities Act (CJAA, SR 173.71), the Federal Act on the Administration of Federal Criminal Justice and the Federal Criminal Court Act are repealed.

1 January 2012

The two Appeals Chambers are merged together.




© 2017 Federal Criminal Court Legal notice
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